Syllabus

Wednesday,
January 13
Introduction
Monday,
January 18
TOPIC: WHAT IS ENVIRONMENTAL HISTORY? WHAT IS NATURE?
Cronon, "Beginnings, Introduction: In Search of
Nature," and "Unnatural Nature," in Uncommon Ground,
pp. 23-66
Wednesday,
January 20
TOPIC: WILL THE REAL CONQUISTADOR PLEASE STAND UP?
REVIEW ESSAY DUE: Alfred Crosby, Columbian Exchange
Monday,
January 25
TOPIC: SEND US "REAL" FOOD
Merchant, Problems in American Environmental History,
pp. 34-40: "A Spanish Explorer Views the Pueblos,
1580," "Spanish Explorers Observe Pueblo Irrigation,
1582," "A Spaniard Testifies on the Effects of Pueblo
Colonization, 1601"
TOPIC: "A FAIRE VIRGIN...IN A NUPTIAL BED"
Merchant, Problems in American Environmental History,
pp. 65-77: "William Bradford Faces a 'Hideous and
Desolate Wilderness," "John Winthrop Quotes Genesis on
Subduing the Earth, 1629," "Thomas Morton Praises
the New England Canaan, 1632," "William Wood on
Indian Women's Housing and Horticulture," Roger
Williams on Indian Uses of the Forest, 1643,"
"A Timber Merchant's Estate, 1682," "A Governor
Enforces the King's Forest Policy, 1730."
Wednesday,
January 27
TOPIC: COMMODIFICATION OF THE LANDSCAPE
Merchant, Problems in American Environmental
History
, pp.83-92 and pp. 152-157: Samuel F. Manning, "A
Colonist's Perspective on the New England Environment,"
and Charles F. Carroll, "A Forest's Perspective on
Ecological Transformation," and William Cronon, "Land
for Market's."
Monday,
February 1
REVIEW ESSAY DUE: A New Face on the Countryside
Wednesday,
February 3
TOPIC: THE AGRARIAN IDEAL
Merchant, Problems in American Environmental History,
pp.141-148: "Thomas Jefferson on the Agrarian Ideal,
1787," "Benjamin Rush Praises the Market Farmers of
Pennsylvania, 1789," "Edward Slater's Account
Book, 1807-1812," Anna Howell's Farm Diary, 1820,"
Monday,
February 8
TOPIC: COTTON KINGDOM
Merchant, Problems in American Environmental History,
pp. 215-233: "A Georgia Planter Tells Why Cotton Pays,
1847," "Frederick Law Olmstead Describes Cotton
Production and Environmental Deterioration, 1861,"
"Sharecroppers' Contracts," "A Louisiana Convention
Declares War on the Boll Weevil, 1903," "Ex-Slaves
Describe Their Means and Subsistence, 1937."
Wednesday,
February 10
TOPIC: NATURE AS REFUGE
Merchant, Problems in American Environmental
History,
pp.191-207; pp.212-215: "Frances Anne Kemble
on Slavery and Nature in Georgia, 1838." Michael
Heiman, "Civilization over Nature," and Annette Kolodny,
"Nature, Civilization, and Gender."
Monday,
February 15
TOPIC: NATURE AS BOUNDLESS
Merchant, Problems in American Environmental History,
pp.172-189: "James Audubon on Shooting Birds, 1808-
1834," "James Fenimore Cooper Laments the 'Wasty Ways'
of Pioneers, 1823," George Catlin on Indians, Nature,
and Civilization, 1844," "Henry David Thoreau on Nature
versus Civilization, 1854."
Wednesday,
February 17
TOPIC: CONSERVATION
Merchant, Problems in Environmental
History
, pp.340-348: "George Perkins Marsh on Man and
Nature, 1864," "John Wesley Powell Advocates
Reclamation, 1878," "Frederick Jackson Turner on the
Significance of the Frontier in American History,
1893," "The Reclamation Act, 1902."
Monday,
February 22
TOPIC: TEDDY ROOSEVELT'S CONSERVATION AGENDA
Merchant, Problems in American Environmental History,
pp.350-366, "Theodore Roosevelt Publicizes
Conservation, 1908," "George L. Knapp Opposes
Conservation, 1910," "George L. Knapp Opposes
Conservation, 1910," "Mrs. Crocker on the Conservation
Imperative, 1912," in; Samuel Hays, "Conservation as
Efficiency."
Wednesday,
February 24
TOPIC: PRESERVATION VS. CONSERVATION
Merchant, Problems in American Environmental History,
pp. 384-409: "Frederick Law Olmstead on the Value of
Parks, 1865," "Isabella Bird Describes Nature in the
Rockies, 1873," "Florence Merriam Bailey on the Early
Audubon Women, 1900," "Mary Austin on the Wonders of
the Desert, 1903," "John Muir Advocates Wilderness
Preservation, 1912," "The National Parks Act, 1916" Wilderness, Recorded in 1933," Roderick Nash, "The
Value of Wilderness."
Monday,
March 1
CONSERVATION
Carl Moneyhon, "Conservation as Politics,"
Alfred Runte, "Railroads Value Wilderness."
Wednesday,
March 3
MID-TERM EXAMINATION
March 8-12
Spring Break
Monday,
March 15
TOPIC: THE AGRARIAN IDEAL REEVALUATED
Film: The Grapes of Wrath
Wednesday,
March 17
Film: The Grapes of Wrath
Monday,
March 22
REVIEW ESSAY DUE, The Dust Bowl
Wednesday,
March 24
TOPIC: FDR'S CONSERVATION AGENDA
Merchant, Problems in American Environmental
History
, pp.347-348, 366-382: "The Reclamation Act,
1902," Marc Reisner, "Conservation as Reclamation,"
Carolyn Merchant, "Women and Conservation."
Monday,
March 29
TOPIC: ECOLOGY
Merchant, Problems in American Environmental
History
, pp.461-479; Robert Clark, "Ellen Swallow's
Human Ecology," Donald Worster, "Organic, Economic, and
Chaotic Ecology,"
Merchant, Problems in American Environmental
History
, pp.448-449, 459-460, 454-458
"Henry Gleason on Plant Associations, 1926,"
"Pickett and White on Patch Dynamics, 1985,"
"Aldo Leopold Proposes a Land Ethnic, 1949."
Wednesday,
March 31
TOPIC: ENVIRONMENTAL AWAKENING
Film: Silent Spring
Merchant, Major Problems in American Environmental
History
, pp.498-500, 511-516; "The National
Environmental Policy Act, 1969, "Jack Lewis, "From
Laissez-Faire to Environmental Legislation,"
Monday,
April 5
REVIEW ESSAY DUE: Silent Spring
Wednesday,
April 7
TOPIC: ENVIRONMENTAL RACISM
Cronon, Uncommon Ground, pp.298-321,171-185; Giovana
Di Chiro, "Nature as Community: the Convergence of
Environmental Justice and Social Justice"
Handout: Robert D. Bullard, "Anatomy of Environmental
Racism."
Monday,
April 12
TOPIC: NATURE AS A SOCIAL CONSTRUCT
Cronon, Uncommon Ground, pp.171-185; 69-90:
Richard White, "Are You An Environmentalist or Do
You Work For a Living?" William Cronon, "The Trouble
with Wilderness; or, Getting Back to the Wrong Nature."
Wednesday,
April 14
TOPIC: NURTURE VS. NATURE
William Cronon vs. James Conaway
Handout: James Conaway, "Nurture vs. Nature."
Monday,
April 19
TOPIC: REVISING THE ENVIRONMENTAL AGENDA
Merchant, Problems in American Environmental
History
, pp.524-526, 547-559: "A Federal Director
Discusses Environmental Risk, 1983"
Theodore Goldfarb, "Environmental Legislation,"
Daniel Faber and James O'Connor, "Environmental
Politics."
Wednesday,
April 21
TOPIC: THE MACHINE IN THE GARDEN
REVIEW ESSAY DUE: The Organic Machine
Monday,
April 26
TOPIC: THE MACHINE IN THE GARDEN continued
Discussion of The Organic Machine
Wednesday,
April 28
TOPIC: NATURE AS A HUMAN IDEA
Cronon, Uncommon Ground, pp.186-217;
Jennifer Price, "Looking for Nature at the Mall:
A Field Guide to the Nature Company," Susan G.
Davies, "Touch the Magic."
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