1253 Hulegu sets out on western conquests with army larger than Chingiz Khan's.

1256 Hulegu's forces destroy Isma'ili strongholds.

1258 Hulegu's forces sack Baghdad.

1261 Alliance between mamluks and Golden Horde built on co-operation of Byzantium and Italian cities; Golden Horde holds Moscow princes and others tributary.

1295 Ghazan Khan ruling in Iran converts to Islam; Mongol "unity" now definitely broken

1306 Muslims push into S. India.

1313Golden Horde Khans all Muslims from now on.

1335 Death of Abu-Sa'id; Il-khan empire breaks up into warring states

1379 Timur expands W. across the Oxus