History 372 Course Schedule Fall
Week 1: August 31-September 4
- Fisher/Ochsenwald: 1-15
- John Haldon, "Pre-industrial
States and the Distribution of Resources: the Nature of the Problem,"
in Averil Cameron (ed), The Byzantine and Early Islamic Near East,
vol. III, States, Resources and Armies (Papers of the Third Workshop on
Late Antiquity and Early Islam), The Darwin Press, Princeton, NJ, 1993,
- Richard N. Frye, "Alexander
and the Heritage of Hellenism," chpt. 6 in his The Heritage of
Central Asia: From Antiquity to the Turkish Expansion, Markus Wiener
Publishers, Princeton, 1996, pp. 97-108.
Monday: Course Introduction -- Peoples of the Middle East before
Alexander -- Introduction to the WEB, readings, assignments.
Wednesday: Alexander and Persia; map reading
Friday: Repeat general intro for those who have added the course;
setting up of the groups [5 or 6 in each group] for group essays in the
- Here are a few WWW Sites of interest for the study of the Middle East
- From Al Mashriq
comes information on archaeological sites Lebanon, many Roman.
- Photo archives of ancient Egypt, Iran, Iraq and Sudan, from the
at the University of Chicago.
Week 2: September 7-11
Week 3: September 14-19
- Fisher/Ochsenwald: 17-18
- Cameron: 1-32, 57-80
- Judith Herrin, "Byzantium Confronted
by Islam," from her The Formation of Christendom.
Princeton Univ Press. 1987.
- Joseph Patrich, "Church, State
and the Transformation of Palestine - the Byzantine Period (324 - 640 CE)",
in Thomas E. Levy (ed) Archaeology of Society in the Holy Land,
Leicester University press, London 1995.
Monday: Religions of the ancient Middle East
Wednesday: Emergence of Christianity
Friday: Discussion in class of the assigned readings up to now.
Week 4: September 21-25
- Cameron: 33-50, 81-103
- Richard Frye, "Heirs of the
Achaemenids," in his The Heritage of Persia.
- Study Guide for Frye, " Heirs ."
- Richard Frye, "The Reforms
of Chosroes Anushirvan ('Of the Immortal Soul'), in his The History
of Ancient Iran.
- Cyril Mango, "Peoples and Languages,"
chpt 1 of his Byzantium: The Empire of New Rome. Scribner's,
- Whittaker, "Collapse of
the Frontiers", chpt. 6 of his Frontiers of the Roman Empire,
Johns Hopkins University Press, 1994.
- An interesting new archaeological discovery in Istanbul, possibly a
section of the Great Palace of the Byzantine Emperors, is reported in Stephen
Kinzer, "Is This the Secret Heart of the Byzantine Empire?"
New York Times, July 27, 1998.
Monday: The Late Roman Army
Wednesday: The Collapse of the Roman West
Friday: Byzantium and Persia; , handout of group essay
question, group meetings.
- Two very interesting WWW sites relate to Byzantium and are worth brousing
- The Dead Sea Scrolls research project is maintained at the Hebrew
University in Jerusalem. WWW sites relating to things Coptic
can be found under "Search" at the top, typing in Copt or Coptic.
- Here is an interesting site relating to excavations at a 4th century
Coptic Monastery, Wadi
Week 5: September 28-October
Week 6: October 5-9
- Fisher/Ochsenwald: 18-37; 75-82
- Salo Baron, "The Pre-Islamic
World," sections of chpt. 16 of his Social and Religious History
of the Jews.
- Patricia Crone, "The Rise of
Islam," in her Meccan Trade and the Rise of Islam, Princeton
University Press. 1987.
- F. E. Peters, "The Family
and City of Muhammad," chpt. 4 of his Muhammad and the Origins
of Islam. State University of New York Press, 1994.
- Maxime Rodinson, selections from
his Muhammad, Pantheon Books. 1980. Beg with pp. 38.
- W. Montgomery Watt, "Assessment,"
from his Muhammad: Prophet and Statesman, Oxford University
Monday: Arabia in ca. 600 C.E.; Egypt, Levant; peoples and religions;
trade and economics
Friday: Discussion of assigned readings.
- One of the major sources for our knowledge of Arabia at the time of
and just prior to Muhammad is, of course, the Qur'an. There are a number
of WWW sites which include full texts in English and/or Arabic of the Qur'an.
Various translations of the Qur'an can be reached on-line through the Qur'an
Week 7: October 12-16
- Fisher/Ochsenwald: 38-63
- Fred Donner, "Conclusions,"
from his The Early Islamic Conquests, Princeton Univ Press, 1981.
- Moshe Gill, "The Political History
of Jerusalem During the Early Muslim Period", in Joshua Prawer and
Haggai Ben-Shammai (eds), The History of Jerusalem, the Early Muslim
Period, 638-1099, New York University Press and Yad Izhak Ben-Zvi,
1996, pp. 1-35.
- Oleg Grabar, "The Symbolic
Appropriation of the Land," chpt. 3 of his The Formation of Islamic
Art.Yale Univ Press.
- Oleg Grabar, "The Umayyad
Royal Idea and its Expression under Mu'awiyah I," chpt. 1 of his PhD
Dissertation, Ceremonial and Art at the Umayyad Court, Princeton
- F. E. Peters, " The Holy House:
The Muslims Come to Jerusalem," chpt 5 of his Jerusalem.
Monday: Islamic conquests: Byzantium, Persia, Jerusalem
Wednesday: Establishment of Islamic state; Umayyads
Friday: Discussion of assigned readings; First Group Essay
due [on disk, if possible]
- Some WWW sites for The Dome of the Rock in Jerusalem.
- Some WWW sites for other Umayyad subjects:
Week 8: October 18-23
- Fisher/Ochsenwald: 64-74
- Richard Hodges and David Whitehouse,
" The Abbasid Caliphate," chpt 6 from their Mohammed,
Charlemagne & The Origins of Europe. London, Duckworth 1983.
- J. Schacht, "Law and Justice,"
from the Cambridge Encyclopaedia of Islam, vol. II, pt. VIII/chpt.
4, beginning with pg. 539.
Monday: Abbasid Revolution: Baghdad, Spain, North Africa
Wednesday: Abbasid political system: borrowings from Arab bedouin,
Byzantine/Roman, and Iranian/Sassanian systems.
Friday: Discussion of assigned readings.
Week 9: October 26-30
- Fisher/Ochsenwald: 83-108
- David W. Tschanz, "The Arab
Roots of European Medicine," in Aramco World, May/June 1997.
- Seyyid Nasr , Science and Civilization
Monday: Abbasid civilizations: urban centers [with borrowings
from Greek, Roman, Byzantine and Iranian pasts]; trade and commerce
Wednesday: Abbasid civilization: intellectual life, art and architecture
[comparisons with Greek, Roman and Iranian pasts]
Friday: discussion of assigned readings; handout of group essay
question, group meetings for last 20 minutes; group essay due on Monday,
November 16, in class, on disk if possible.
Week 10: November 2-6
- Fisher/Ochsenwald: 109-119
- C. E. Bosworth, "The Concept
of Dhimma in Early Islam," in Benjamin Braude and Bernard Lewis
(eds), Christians and Jews in the Ottoman Empire: The Functioning of
a Plural Society, vol. 1, New York, 1982, pp. 37-51.
- Bernard Lewis, "The Muslim
View of the World," from his The Muslim Discovery of Europe,
W.W. Norton, New York, 1982, chpt II, pp. 59-69.
- Gaston Wiet, "The Golden Age
of Arab and Islamic Culture," from his Baghdad: Metropolis of the
Abbasid Caliphate, Univ of Oklahoma Press. Chpt. 5.
Monday: Abbasid civilizaton: peoples, religions; strengths and
Wednesday: Abbasid civilization: relations with Europe, Asia;
trade in goods and ideas
Friday: Mid-Term Exam #2.
Week 11: November 9-12
- Fisher/Ochsenwald: 120-132
- Jonathan Berkey, "Instruction"
from his The Transmission of Knowledge in Medieval Cairo: A Social History
of Islamic Education, Princeton Univ Press, 1992. chpt. 2.
- Yacov Lev, "The Ruling Circles",
from his State and Society in Fatimid Egypt, E. J. Brill. Leiden.
1991, Chapter 4.
- optional extra reading: Desmond Stewart,
"Ibn Tulun: First Independent Rule of Egypt Since Cleopatra,"
from his Great Cairo: Mother of the World, American University
in Cairo Press, 1996.
Monday: Successors of Abbasids: Fatimids in Egypt and North Africa
Wednesday: Successors of Abbasids: Turkomans, Iranians, Central
Asians and Afghans
Friday: no class today; Kresge Art Museum is open at 9:30 a.m. if
you wish to do your Kresge project today. The Project will be due on Friday,
November 20 in class.
Week 12: November 16-20
- Peter Golden, "The World of
the Steppes," from his An introduction to the history of the Turkic
peoples: ethnogenesis and state-formation in medieval and early modern
Eurasia and the Middle East. Wiesbaden 1992.
- David J. Wasserstein, "The
Caliphal Institution in al-Andalus until 422/1031," from his The
Caliphate in the West, Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1993, chpt. 1.
Monday: Western/Christian Advances in Spain and Mediterranean;
Second group essay due, in class, on disk if possible.
Wednesday: Turks in Iran, Anatolia, Syria
Friday: Discussion of assigned readings. Kresge Art Museum
project due in class today.
Week 13: November 23-27
- Beha-ed-Din, "Selections,"
from his The Life of Saladin, published in Archibald R. Lewis (ed),
The Islamic World and the West A.D. 622-1492, John Wiley & Sons,
Ind., 1970, pp. 53-61.
- Hadia Dajani-Shakeel, "Some
Medieval Accounts of Salah al-Din's Recovery of Jerusalem (Al-Quds),"
in Hisham Nashabe (ed) Studia Palaestina: Studies in honour of Constantine
K. Zurayk, Institute for Palestine Studies, Beirut 1988.
- "Richard the Lionheart in the
Holy Land (1191-1192)" from Peter W. Edbury, The Conquest of Jerusalem
and the Third Crusade: Sources in Translation, Scolar Press, 1996,
- Study Guide for Richard the Lionheart.
- John France, "The Roots of
Victory," chpt. 1 of his Victory in the East: A Military History
of the First Crusade, Cambridge University Press, 1994, pp. 1-25.
- Maaloof, Crusades Through Arab Eyes - all.
- Study Guide for Maaloof, and Form for responses.
Monday: Crusades in the Middle East
Wednesday: Crusades versus Byzantium; Muslim reconquest of Middle
Week 14: November 30-December
- J. J. Saunders, "The Turkish
Irruption," chpt. 9 of his A History of Medieval Islam, Routledge,
Monday: New states and political entities; Seljuk Turks, Balkan
Wednesday: New states and political entities: Mamluks in Egypt,
North African emirates, Italians in the Middle East
Friday: Discussion of assigned readings.
Week 15: December 7-11
- Fisher/Ochsenwald: 133-144
- Arthur Goldschmidt, Jr., "Islamic
Civilization," chpt. 8 of his A Concise History of the Middle East.
- Study Guide for Goldschmidt.
- Reuven Amitai-Preiss, "Mamluks
and Mongols: an overview," Chapter 10 of his Mongols and Mamluks:
The Mamluk-Ilkhanid War, 1260-1281, Cambridge University Press, 1995,
- Study Guide for Amitai-Preiss.
- David Morgan, "Persian perceptions
of Mongols and Europeans," chpt. VI of Stuart B. Schwartz (ed),
Implicit Understandings: Observing, Reporting, and Reflecting on the Encounters
Between Europeans and Other Peoples in the Early Modern Era, Cambridge
University Press, 1994, pp. 201-217.
Monday: Mongols: China, Central Asia, Iran; handout of group
essay question, meeting of groups during last 20 minutes.
Wednesday: Mongols in the Middle East
Friday: Course "wrap-up"; individual essays due; course