These items are in the library, but not on the WEB.
Rome in the Middle East
- J. D. Grainger, The Cities of Seleukid Syria, 1990.
- Ben Isaac, The Limits of Empire: The Roman Army in the East,
1990 and 1992.
- M. Goodman, State and Society in Roman Galilee, AD 132-212,
- F. Millar, "The Roman Coloniae of the Near East: A Study
of Cultural Relations," in H. Solin and M. Kajava (eds), Roman Policy
in the East and Other Studies in Roman History, 1990.
Byzantium and Persia
Arabia in the 6th-early 7th Centuries
- Irfan Shahid. Byzantium and the Arabs in the Sixth Century,
Dumbarton Oaks, 1995. [He has also written Byzantium and the Arabs in
the Fourth Century and Byzantium and the Arabs in the Fifth Century
and is completing his Byzantium and the Arabs in the Seventh Century.
- M. Avi-Yonah. The Holy Land from the Persian to the Arab Conquests,
Grand Rapids, MI, 1966.
- R. S. Lopez, "The Role of Trade in the Economic Readjustment of
Byzantium in the Seventh Century," Dumbarton Oaks Papers xiii, 1959,
- C. Foss, "The Persians in Asia Minor and the End of Antiquity,"
English Historical Review xc, 1975, pp. 721-747.
- G. Downey, The History of Antioch in Syria from Seleucus to the
Arab Conquest, Princeton, 1961.
- J. H. W. G. Liebeschuetz, Antioch. City and Imperial Administration
in the Later Roman Empire, Oxford, 1972.
- J. B. Segal, Edessa, the Blessed City, Oxford, 1970.
- P. Brown, "Religious Coercion in the Later Roman Empire: The Case
of North Africa," History, xlvii, 1963, pp. 283-305.
- A. Sharf, Byzantine Jewry from Justinian to the Fourth Crusade,
- A very interesting account on Palestine under Byzantine rule is:
Joseph Patrich, "Church, State and the Transformation of Palestine -- the
Byzantine Period (324-640 CE)," in Thomas E. Levy, (ed), The Archaeology
of Society in the Holy Land, London, 1995, pp. 470-487. Other essays
in this volume deal with Palestine during the Persian/Roman wars and Roman
rule in Palestine.
- W. R. Smith, Kinship and Marriage in Early Arabia, New York,
- M. J. Kister, Studies on Jahiliyya and Early Islam, London,
1980, which deals with Meccan life, society and commerce just prior to Muhammad,
and in his early years.
- I. Shahid, "Pre-Islamic Arabia," in P. M. Holt, A.K.S. Lambton,
and B. Lewis (eds), Cambridge History of Islam, vol. 1, Cambridge,
1970, pp. 3-29.
- M. M. Bravmann, The Spiritual Background of Early Islam,
- Irfan Shahid. Byzantium and the Arabs in the Sixth century. 2
vols. Washington, DC 1995.
Early Islamic Conquests
- Ibn Ishaq's biography of Muhammad is known to us really through a
later edition, produced by Ibn Hisham. In our library, it appears as: A.
Guillaume (ed), Ibn Hisham, Life of Muhammad, Oxford U Press in its
Pakistan branch, in Lahore, 1955.
- See the two-volume study of Muhammad by W. Montgomery Watt, Muhammad
at Mecca, Oxford 1953, and Muhammad at Medina, Oxford, 1956.
- Three controversial books which deal with the relationship between
Islam and Christianity and Judaism are: tor Andrae, Muhammed: The Man
and His Faith, London, 1956; R. Bell, The Origins of Islam in Its
Christian Environment, London, 1968; and C. C. Torrey, The Jewish
Foundation of Islam, New York, 1933.
- Two books which consider the Quran in its Arabian context are by
T. Izutsu, Ethico-Religious Concepts in the Qur'an, Montreal, 1966;
and God and Man in the Koran, Tokyo, 1964.
- Professor Alford Welch in the Department of Religious Studies here
at MSU has written the articles on the Qur'an and on Muhammad for the Encyclopaedia
of Islam, 2nd Edition, held in our Library in the Humanities/Social Science
- An Arab account of these conquests, by al-Baladhuri [Futah al-Buldan]
has been translated into English by P. K. Hitti and E. C. Murgotten, The
Origins of the Islamic State, in two volumes, New York, 1916-24.
- See a very controversial account by a Lebanese historian working
in England: M. A. Shaban, Islamic History, vol. 1, Cambridge, England,
- A book of short essays on topics relating to these early years is
G. H. A. Juynboll, (ed), Studies on the First Century of Islamic Society,
Carbondale, Illinois, 1982.
- A very important study of the effects of the Islamic conquest on
Iraq is: M. Morony, Iraq after the Muslim Conquest, Princeton, 1983.
- Walter E. Kaegi, Byzantium and the Early Islamic Conquests,
Chicago 1992. Looks at the conquests from the perspective of Byzantine government
and society, with close examination [for the first time] of Byzantine reactions
to and responses to the earliest Arab assaults.
- Patricia Crone. Slaves on Horses. The Evolution of the Islamic
Polity. Cambridge, 1989.
- Patricia Crone and Martin Hinds. God's Caliph. Religious Authority
in the First Centuries of Islam. Cambridge, 1986.
- Moshe Gil. A History of Palestine, 634-1099. Cambridge, 1992.
- Robert Schick. The Christian Communities of Palestine from Byzantine
to Islamic Rule: A Historical and Archaeological Study. Princeton, 1995.
- Eliyahu Ashtor, A Social and Economic History of the Near East
in the Middle Ages. London 1976.
- Khalid Yahya Blankinship. The End of the Jihad State: The
Reign of Hisham Ibn 'Abd al-Malik and the Collapse of the Umayyads.
- Michael Bonner. Aristocratic Violence and Holy War. Studies in
the Jihad and the Arab-Byzantine Frontier. New Haven. 1996.
- Richard Bulliet. Conversion to Islam in the Medieval Period.
An Essay in Quantitative History. Cambridge, Mass. 1979.
- Paul M. Cobb. White Banners: Contention in 'Abbasid Syria, 750-880.
- Amikam Elad. Medieval Jerusalem and Islamic Worship. Leiden,
- Hugh Kennedy. The Early Abbasid Caliphate. London 1981.
- Hugh Kennedy. The Prophet and the Age of the Caliphates. London
- Jacob Lassner. Islamic Revolution and Historical memory: Abbasid
Apologetics and the Art of Historical Writing. New Haven 1986.
- Roy Mottahedeh. Loyalty and Leadership in an Early Islamic Society.
- M. A. Shaban. The 'Abbasid Revolution. Cambridge 1970.
- Moshe Sharon. Black Banners from the East. Jerusalem 1983.
- Moseh Sharon. The Social and Military Aspects of the 'Abbasid
Revolution. Jerusalem 1990.
- Mohsen Zakeri. Sasanid Soldiers in Early Muslim Society. Wiesbaden.
- Donald Whitcomb, "Islam and the Socio-Cultural Transition of Palestine
- Early Islamic Period (638-1099 CE)," in Thomas E. Levy (ed), The Archaeology
of Society in the Holy Land, Leicester University Press, 1995, pp. 488-501.
Professor Whitcomb is at the Oriental Institute, University of Chicago,
and conducts archeaological research in the Middle East.
- Ronnie Ellenblum, "Settlement and Society Formation in Crusader
Palestine," in Thomas E. Levy (ed), The Archaeology of Society in the
Holy Land, Leicester University Press, 1995, pp. 502-511.