Middle East Language "Families"
"Afroasiatic Languages" [formerly "Hamito-Semitic Languages"]
Six branches
The Egyptian Languages: Ancient Egyptian and its descendant, Coptic - of the six branches, this one has the oldest surviving evidence.

The Semitic Languages:
        East Semitic Division - extinct - best known, Akkadian
        West Semitic Division - Canaanite [and its dialects including
Phoenician, Moabite, Ugaritic, and Hebrew], Aramaic                     [and its dialects, including Syriac], Arabic [and its many dialicts], Old and Modern South Arabian.
        South Semitic Division - the various languages of Ethiopia - classical Ethiopic (Geez), Tigre, Tigrinya, Amharic, Harari.

The Berber Languages: including Tamazight, Tachelhit, Kabyle, Shawiya, Tamasheq, Taureg, Rif, Siwi, Zenaga.

The Cushitic Languages: including Oromo, Somali, Agaw, Bedawi, Burji, Daasanach, Komso, Saho-Afar.      

The Omotic Languages: including
Dizi, Gonga, Gimira, Janjero, Kaficho, Walamo.

The Chadic Languages: including Hausa, Angas, Bole, Gwandara, Ron, Kera, Mubi, Nancere, Tobanga, Kamwe, Kotoko,
        Mandara.


                Indo European Languages:
Farsi/Iranian, Armenian, Georgian, Kurdish, Pashto [Pashtun], , Sanskrit, Tadzhik, Greek, Latin

Uralic-Altaic Languages:
Turkish, Azeri, Kazakh, Uzbek, Turkmen, Kirgiz

Urdu - a special case - a "modern" language with elements of Sanskrit, Arabic and Persian