East Language "Families"
"Afroasiatic Languages" [formerly "Hamito-Semitic
The Egyptian Languages: Ancient Egyptian and its descendant, Coptic
- of the six branches, this one has the oldest surviving evidence.
The Semitic Languages:
East Semitic Division - extinct - best
West Semitic Division - Canaanite [and
its dialects including Phoenician, Moabite, Ugaritic, and Hebrew],
[and its dialects, including Syriac], Arabic [and its
many dialicts], Old and Modern South Arabian.
South Semitic Division - the various
languages of Ethiopia - classical Ethiopic (Geez), Tigre, Tigrinya, Amharic,
The Berber Languages: including Tamazight, Tachelhit, Kabyle, Shawiya,
Tamasheq, Taureg, Rif, Siwi, Zenaga.
The Cushitic Languages: including Oromo, Somali, Agaw, Bedawi, Burji,
Daasanach, Komso, Saho-Afar.
The Omotic Languages: including Dizi, Gonga, Gimira, Janjero,
The Chadic Languages: including Hausa, Angas, Bole, Gwandara, Ron,
Kera, Mubi, Nancere, Tobanga, Kamwe, Kotoko,
Indo European Languages:
Farsi/Iranian, Armenian, Georgian, Kurdish, Pashto [Pashtun],
, Sanskrit, Tadzhik, Greek, Latin
Turkish, Azeri, Kazakh, Uzbek, Turkmen, Kirgiz
Urdu - a special case - a "modern" language with elements of Sanskrit,
Arabic and Persian