HST 372 Spring Semester 2005
Due by the time of the scheduled final exam, Monday
May 2, 12:45-2:45. Please submit to me "in hard copy" in person.
Group A: Answer 1 of the following:
1. What were the strengths and weakness of the
Umayyad state in Andalusia? How does Professor Menocal explain its
2. What does Amin Maalouf mean by his statement:
"During the years prior to the Crusades, the Arabs suffered from weakness
that the Frankish presence exposed, perhaps aggravated, but no means created."
What does he mean by this/? Although Hugh Keenedy's book ends
before the years of the crusades, he did write a lot about Arab "strengths"
and "weaknesses." How would he respond to Maalouf?
Group B: Answer 1 of the following:
- Answer 1 question from each group (50% each)
1. How did the original Arab invasions, the Crusades,
and the Mongol invasions change the demography of the Middle East? Compare
and offer plausible explanations of differences and/or similarities.
2. Assume the place of a "fundamentalist" critic
of any Islamic government in the Middle East in the 10th-13th centuries.
What would be the main elements of your critique? How would a
spokesperson for the government in question respond?
3. Ibn Khaldun was convinced that he was living
near the "end of time," yet he also was a beleiver in the "cyclical"nature
of time and history. Although he actually lived in the 14th century,
please assume for this question that he was writing in the period between
1250-1270. What might have persuaded him of the idea that the end of
time was near, and what might have persuaded him that the world was reliving