Additional Readings for Week Eight

Hugh Kennedy. The Prophet and the Age of the Caliphate 1986.
Jacob Lassner. The Topography of Baghdad in the Early Middle Ages 1970.
C. Wendell. "Baghdad: Imago Mundi and Other Foundation Lore," International Journal of Middle East Studies
    2 (1971).
Matthew Gordon. The Breaking of a Thousand Swords: A History of the Turkish Military of Samarra,
    AH 200-275/815-889 CE
Reuvan Firestone. Journeys in Holy Lands: The Evolution of the Abraham-Ishmael Legends in Islamic
Gordon Newby. "Tafsir Isra'iliyat: The Development of Qur'an Commentary in Early Islam in the Relationship to
    Judaeo-Christian Traditions of Scriptural Commentary," Journal of the American Academy of Religion 47 (1980).
W. B. Bishai. "The Transition from Coptic to Arabic," The Muslim World 53 (1963).
Ira M. Lapidus. "The Conversion of Egypt to Islam," Israel Oriental Studies 2 (1972).
L. S. B. MacCoull. "Three Cultures Under Arab Rule: The Fate of Coptic," Bulletin de la Societe d'Archaeologie Copte
    27 (1985).
L. S. B. MacCoull. "The Strange Death of Coptic Culture," Coptic Church Review 10 (1989).
Richard Bulliett. Islam: The View from the Edge 1994.
Roy Mottahdeh. "The Shu'ubiyah Controversy and the Social History of Early Islamic Iran," International Journal of
    Middle East Studies
7 (1976).
Paul Wheatley. The Places Where Men Pray Together: Cities in Islamic Lands, Seventh Through the Tenth
Robert McC. Adams. The Land Behind Baghdad: A History of Settlement on the Diyala Plains 1965.
Norman Calder. Studies in Early Muslim Jurisprudence 1993.
S. D. Goitein. "The Rise of the Middle Eastern Bourgeoisie in Early Islamic Times," Studies in Islamic History and
Michael Cook. Commanding Right and Forbidding Wrong in Islamic Thought 2000.
Abraham L. Udovitch. Partnership and Profit in Medieval Islam 1970.
Jonathan P. Berkey. "Circumcision Circumscribed: Female Excision and Cultural Accommodation in the Medieval
    Near East," International Journal of Middle East Studies 28 (1996).
Leila Ahmed. Women and Gender in Islam: Historical Roots of a Modern Debate 1992.
Said Arjomand. The Shadow of God and the Hidden Imam: Religion, Political Order, and Societal Change in
    Shi'ite Iran from the Beginning to 1890
Ira Lapidus. "The Separation of State and Religion in the Development of Early Islamic Society," International Journal of
    Middle East Studies
6 (1975).
Michael Cooperson. Classical Arabic Biography: The Heirs of the Prophet in the Age of al-Ma'mun 2000.
Muhammad Qasim Zaman. Religion and Politics under the Early 'Abbasids: The Emergence of the Proto-
    Sunni Elite
Abdulaziz Sachedina. Islamic Messianism: The Idea of the Mahdi in Twelver Shi'ism 1981.
Moojan Momen. An Introduction to Shi'i Islam: The History and Doctrines of Twelver Shi'ism 1985.
Andrew J. Newman. The Formative Period of Twelver Shi'ism: Hadith as Discourse Between Qum and