D. Kennedy (ed). The Roman Army in the East (1996).
C. R. Whittaker. Frontiers of the Roman Empire: A Social and Economic
E. W. B. Fentress. Numidia and the Roman Army (1979).
C. B. Welles, R. O. FInk, and J. F. Gilliam (ed). The Excavations at
F. Millar. "Empire, Community, and Culture in the Roman Near East: Greeks,
Syrians, Jews, and Arabs," Journal of Jewish Studies
38 (1987): 143-64.
J. B. Segal. "Mesopotamian Communities from Julian to the Rise of Islam,"
Proceedings of the British Academy 41 (1955): 109-39.
A. Oppenheimer. Babylonia Judaica in the Talmudic Period (1983).
R. A. Alston. Sosldier and Society in Roman Egypt: A Social History
S. T. Parker. Romans and Saracens: A History of the Arabian Frontier
S. Gregory. Roman Military Architecture on the Eastern Frontier (1995).
T. J. Wilkinson. Town and Country in Southeastern Anatolia vol. 1
P. Freeman and D. Kennedy (ed.). The Defence of the Roman and Byzantine
M. H. Dodgeon and S. N. C. Lieu. The Roman Eastern Frontier and the Persian
Wars, A.D. 226-363 (1991).
J. Grainger. The Cities of Seleukid Syria (1990).
Garth Fowden. Empire to Commonwealth: Consequences of Monotheism in Late
Robin Fox. Pagans and Christians (1987).
Glen Bowersock. Hellenism in Late Antiquity (1990).